Although States are to submit their national periodic report, NGOs are also invited to make submissions in what's known as "shadow reporting" where they may highlight key issues or seek clarification on certain areas.
Ireland has undertaken a range of international human rights obligations by ratifying a number of UN international human rights treaties. Under these treaties, the State has the responsibility to ensure its compliance with the provisions of the treaties by implementing pertinent domestic measures and legislation. The State is reviewed periodically by a body of international experts associated with each treaty.
The review involves the submission of a national report by the State which is then discussed at the review by State representatives and Committee members. Areas of particular concern to the Committee are identified in advance of the review through a List of Issues. After the review, the body adopts Concluding Observations which documents areas of progress but also those of concern about State measures or the lack thereof. Below is a chart showing the treaties which Ireland has ratified to date and some major treaties that it has not, as well as when it was last reviewed and when it is next expected to be before a treaty body.
While states submit their national periodic report for review to the treaty bodies, NGOs are also invited to make submissions. This is called shadow reporting as it allows NGOs to "shadow" the report issued by the State highlighting points of issue, clarification or concern. NGOs can also take the opportunity to bring attention to omissions from the state report. Any organisation can submit a report. Shadow reporting:
To find out about the shadow reporting experience of FLAC, working with the Irish Council for Civil Liberties and the Irish Penal Reform Trust relating to the ICCPR, please see the Rights Monitor website.
If your organisation would like to become involved in any upcoming shadow reporting opportunities, and wish to find out more or would like advice about framing issues or recommendations, please contact us.